The main categories of drainage problems fall into three categories: top-down, bottom-up, and flash floods. The first two types affect the major rivers; however, flash floods affect smaller streams and springs as well. The third type is relatively new. Flash floods occur when water from a nearby river overflows into the underground drainage system. When enough water goes over the top to enter the drainpipe system, it can cause overflowing of the pipes, which results in a backup.
Top-down drainage problems occur when the bed of the river gets eroded due to rain or melting ice. When this occurs, it can damage the bed, which will require extensive repairs. In addition to repairing the bed, the river channels must be dredged to remove any sediments and rocks that may have built up in them. If this isn’t done, it could lead to further erosion and eventually total failure of the system.
Bottom-up drainage problems occur in areas where ground temperatures are cooler than usual. As a result of this, water from the soil or surface flowing toward the house may find its way through the gutter and get caught in between the sloped roof, walls, and foundation. This water will freeze during the winter, which can cause some problems, including clogged gutters. Clogged gutters will also block rainwater from being directed down the downspouts of the roof and to the basement.
Flash floods happen when ground temperatures are warm enough to evaporate water from the soil much faster than it can form. Water that evades the ground quickly and does not freeze will end up sitting on the slab until spring rains have come in. During this time, there won’t be enough rainfall to recharge the water that has built up in the silt. For drainage problems associated with flash floods, prevention is better than cure.
For existing gutter systems or ones that are not properly vented, preventive maintenance is the best solution. This means using caulk to fill up any drainage holes and then using a float switch to direct the water away from the home. Preventive maintenance is one of the more expensive forms of drainage solution. It is also very labor-intensive. For most homeowners, however, it is an affordable way to prevent serious drainage problems. Drainage system company is available for even the most minor of maintenance issues.
Another form of a drainage problem is caused by poor drainage maintenance on city streets and highways. When asphalt and concrete roads are built, they are carefully laid according to engineering plans. However, some areas experience soil movement. This movement can push up traffic congestion. If not curbed, this traffic congestion will block roads and cause accidents, resulting in injuries and fatalities. City and state transportation departments have been required to design and install safe drivers and vehicles to help alleviate traffic safety concerns.
Another problem that results from drainage problems is the formation of “side ditches” in residential areas. These side ditches are small portions of land between the street and home, usually no more than five feet in width. Generally, when these side ditches are filled, they provide adequate water flow to the home but not enough water flow to drainage systems. When left unchecked, this can lead to the pooling of water around the home, which can cause damage to the foundation. Professionals who specialize in street drainage and water flow control can often prevent side ditches and other drainage problems by installing drain plug devices that prevent water from pooling around the home.
Drainage problems on your property should be addressed as soon as possible. In some cases, the only solution may be to completely rebuild a section of your property. While this may seem like an inconvenience, it can prevent structural damage and preserve your home’s value should you decide to sell it. Professional landscapers can also often remove tree roots that may threaten your basement or property walls and build up the sides of your yard so that there is enough room for a curb appeal that will increase your home’s value. It is also a good idea to consult with a home inspector about other drainage issues on your property so that you can prevent future problems before they become unmanageable.